The ocean/coastal/wastewater environmental laws and regulations were gutted during the last decade. EPA was grossly underfunded including the enforcement and wastewater treatment programs. The Clean Water Act is authorized but not funded to levels required for water testing, monitoring and fixing. Waivers routinely were granted. It takes a while to rewrite and untangle the EPA regs and executive orders. It would have been great to see some Recovery Act funding allocated to these projects (water testing, monitoring and fixing).
And I seriously doubt this stuff will ever get fully funded in this budgetary and political climate. In fact, I predict within the next 4 year there is going to be a massive cutting of both government programs and salaries.